Compare John Locke And Machiavelli

1751 Words 7 Pages
Why is society the way it is today? Most will say, “Because of history.” Yes that is correct, but why? Society is the way it is today because of influential beliefs, and philosophers who portrayed and evolved these beliefs. Of these philosophers, the ones being studied are Niccolo Machiavelli, John Locke, and Karl Marx. While Machiavelli believed that the kings and monarchs should have all control over the people, Locke and Marx believed in the opposite. Locke and Marx believed in human reason, while Machiavelli did not. This is the major difference between Machiavelli, Locke, and Marx. Marx and Locke had very similar beliefs, but differed in some ways. Machiavelli set the precedent for societal beliefs, then followed Locke who completely countered …show more content…
He began his philosophical teachings in the Renaissance era, and set up the belief that society shall be ruled by the Prince and the Monarchs. Machiavelli’s teachings were seen as evil because he was a supporter of ruling for the betterment of the Prince and what would make him better rather than what would help the people. His ideologies are evident in his work The Prince. Machiavelli felt that it was better to be feared than loved, which is not the way a ruler should be. He felt that “Never attempt to win by force what can be won by deception” is an okay way of ruling (The Prince). If one fears the ruler, they will not feel comfortable living under him. If one loves the ruler, they would do what they can to help and make the rulers job easier, like making decisions. Another major outlook that Machiavelli’s beliefs are unstable with is that a ruler should not be that of a ruler, but a leader. If one leads, they are leading the people, and leading them to a better life; but if one is a ruler, then they are ruling the people, and that authority is not healthy for society. Machiavelli used his experiences from in Italy and felt that with his expertise, he can bestow his teachings to lead to successful political stability. He felt that upon having the citizens there, and not taking them into consideration, the Prince can himself use the people in a selfless way to better himself. Deceit was not forbidden in his eyes. “He …show more content…
They felt similar about many things, but the way they looked at government was different. While Locke had faith in government that it would be ran correctly, Marx felt that the government needed to be for the people. Marx felt that it would be better if the decisions were bade solely by the people and the benefits would be directly felt amongst the people. “Communism deprives no man of the power to appropriate the products of society: all that it does is to deprive him of the power to subjugate the labor of others by means of such appropriation” (The Communist Manifesto). Marx did not want social classes to be a factor because he felt that the it influenced feudal systems which was unfair. Of all these philosophers, I feel that John Locke was the most influential. This is apparent in the TV series, Lost. In the show, there is a character named John Locke, and he is a similar entity to the philosopher. He is looked at in the beginning as an influential figure who gives advice to people and acts as a philosopher to the rest of the people. This is a very powerful aspect because it shows the impact that John Locke (the philosopher) has had over many people of the world. In hindsight, the screen writer had to have been influenced by John Locke to want to put him as a character in his

Related Documents