Compare and Contrast Two Theories of Motivation Essay

2295 Words May 1st, 2014 10 Pages
Essay Question
Compare and Contrast Two theories of motivation. Suggest how a team leader might use these theories to motivate their team.

Motivation according to Vroom (1964) is based within the individual , which influences one to complete a task. It is important for team leaders to motivate their team in order to 'improve productivity' (Hyun and Oh ,2011, P103) and ensure that employees enjoy their jobs. Many theories of motivation have been developed, which allows team leaders use in work to motivate their teams

The theory's which will be compared and contrasted in this essay are:- Herzbergs two-factor theory and Adams equity theory. Herzbergs theory, has become widely used as well as an respectable theory for explaining
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An example of a motivator is the duties an employee is given whilst an example of a hygiene is the pay provided for the work.(Herzbergs 1968)

The role of motivators is to want people to work hard as well as enjoy their jobs. These factors focus on the actually role of employees, thus should be provided with the jobs employees do. Whilst lack of hygiene factors can results workers dissatisfaction.(Hyun and Oh ,2011, P103) .In other words hygiene factors are to prevent workers discontent thus these factors do not resulted in motivation however without them there is dissatisfaction. (Herzbergs 1976). Herzbergs stressed that these factors where not ends of one another.

Sachau (2007) found that in order to improve productivity by applying Herzbergs Two- Factor theory, was to adjust jobs so that employees can experiences more motivators factors. This means providing the employees with consistent opportunities to experiences achievement, take responsibility, be autonomous and to learn. Hence if managers of the team enriched jobs, employees would be more interested in their work and therefore they would take on more responsibility as well as produces higher quality output.

Similarly the theory of equity purposed by Adam, is also based on two factors these being :input and outcome,the input is the amount an individual puts into the work which is then compared to the outcome, which is what is achieved

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