Compare And Contrast Troius And Criseyde

Decent Essays
Geoffrey Chaucer’s famous Middle English poem, Troilus and Criseyde, relays a calamitous love story set during the Trojan War. Nearly a century later, Robert Henryson, ‘Scottish Chaucerian’, authored his own poetic continuation of Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde entitled, The Testament of Cresseid. Although the two highly expressive pieces of poetry are inclusive of and are remarking on consistent characters, Chaucer and Henryson could not have composed two more vastly contrasting representations of the same woman. In examining the representations of Chaucer’s Criseyde and Henryson’s Cresseid, the poems’ differences and similarities were relatively clear. Chaucer’s guarded ambiguity versus Henryson’s bold explicitness towards the heroine’s body’s …show more content…
Once Pandarus learns of her infidelity, the two characters become sentimentally adverse. Pandarus is overcome with hatred for Criseyde’s betrayal of Troilus, while Troilus is so very defeated by love that he is simply unable to think angrily or feel animosity. Jamie C. Fumo agrees in her article “Hating Criseyde: Last Words on a Heroine from Chaucer to Henryson” …show more content…
Nearly a century later, Robert Henryson, a ‘Scottish Chaucerian’, authored his own continuation of Chaucer’s aforementioned poem entitled, The Testament of Cresseid. These poems are both highly acclaimed in the literary field and their connection can be seen as a deep and moral transformation of the poems’ shared female heroine, perhaps one of the most radically changed heroines in literature. While the personification of this character was poetically laid out by two poets, this should not disrepute the character herself. “The character of Criseyde in Chaucer’s poem […] provides the very raison d’être for Henryson’s: The Testament of Cresseid is the dénouement in the tragic history of the woman Henryson considered, perhaps correctly, to be the major figure in the Troilus.” (98) Who is to say where Chaucer’s guarded ambiguity or lack of compassion comes from, or why he poetically forces internal suffering upon Criseyde, or why his poem demonstrates that simply love or hate is the only legitimate ways one can feel? He lived a much privileged life considering the time he was living in. He was middle classed, his family survived the black death (although they were drunks), worked as a civil servant, became a writer. Henryson, instead, uses bold explicitness, creates physical suffering for Cresseid and has infinite compassion for her in his writing. These elements might stem from his years working in an abbey where he

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    He transforms from a very masculinized character into a very feminine character. He becomes very clingy, insecure and hyper sensible, more so, he is constantly antsy and paranoid. Saunders, explains that love is consistently imagined as a physical illness or wound by medieval writers. Love does not bring pleasure but pain to the lovers. More so, she states that for Troilus this bodily quality of desire is striking since love treats him like a disease.…

    • 2106 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The relationship ends and Lott now tries to come to terms with the loss of his love. Lott does this in two obvious stages: anger and sadness. These two opposing forces are very common reactions after a relationship ends. In sonnet LXXVI, he exclaims, “But she was selfish, frivolous, and vain—/Her soul untouch’d by any gentle strain—/Her eye unlit by any tender gleam—“. Lott is expressing his feeling of anger by exploring the nature of what he didn’t like about his lover.…

    • 1027 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    For this assessment, I will study Sonnet 116 by William Shakespeare and Elizabeth Barrett’s poem: Sonnet 43. William Shakespeare was an English poet during the Elizabethan era and was regarded as one of the greatest English poet of all times. Shakespeare’s Sonnet 116 is one of his most famous, yet poignant sonnets that had been written. The main poem explores on the theme of love, religion nature; love being the central aspect, but the poet does not address the poem to any speaker, rather it explores on the reasoning of love as a concept. The second poem of analysis will be on Elizabeth Barrett’s poem: Sonnet 43.…

    • 1732 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Percy Bysshe Shelley Research Paper Percy Bysshe Shelley’s works reveal the major theme in nineteenth century Romanism that love is the most precious gift of human being in the world. Shelley also illustrates another theme of after death. In Love’s Philosophy, Shelley uses personification and metaphor to express love; In Ozymandias, Shelley demonstrate the idea of after death; The theme that fighting for life is still appearing in modern artistic forms, for instance, Viva La Vida. The dominant English movement during eighteenth century is Romanticism, which lead to literary rebellion at early nineteenth century Europe. As one of the pioneers who want to rebuilt a new form of Romanticism, Shelley’s work is filled with mad and love.…

    • 1133 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    William Wordsworth “The Daffodils” “The Daffodils” by William Wordsworth, this poem is a typical romantic poem that reflects the essence of romanticism, Now after this being said, I will discuss how the poem embodies the features of romanticism and how it illuminates the personal life of the poet whilst transcending the private into a human public experience, also the importance of the context in inspiring this poem and the secret collaboration of writing between Wordsworth and his sister, Dorothy. William Wordsworth, was born on (7, April, 1770) in Cockermouth, Cumbria, England, his mother died when he was 8 years old ; which affected his writing, he attended Hawkshead Grammar school after that he studied at St.Johns college…

    • 1419 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    But Wuthering Heights transcends its genre in its sophisticated observation and artistic subtlety. As a shattering presentation of the doomed love affair between the fiercely passionate Catherine and Heathcliff, it remains one of the most haunting love stories in all of literature. Discussing the major two themes in the novel Realism and Romanticism, the definition of each one of them will help us much better to recognize its effect towards the novel. The Oxford English Dictionary defines Romanticism as “A movement in the arts and literature which originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual. Often contrasted with…

    • 2414 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Hilda Doolittle popularly known by her pen name H.D was a notable modernist writer. She was well-known for her interest in Greek mythology and hence she penned the poem ‘Eurydice’. H.D gives Eurydice a voice to justify her anger against her husband who was impatient and as a consequence, she could never leave the Underworld. The essay will explore the poem with regard to the relationship between form and content in modernist writing. H.D is known to mix Greek mythology in her writing and this is a common feature in her writing and modernist writing too.…

    • 1047 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Shakespeare hints throughout all of Othello that Iago has deep and profound love for Desdemona, even though, ironically, he hates her as well. Jealousy of someone an individual loves is the worst jealousy of all, which is why his love eventually shifts into hatred. Iago’s love for Desdemona can be compared to the book Remembrance of Things of the Past, because in both stories, a character’s tragic fall comes from the sentiment of jealousy and love. For example, Remi, a major character in Remembrance of Things of the Past says “All that was needed was that our predilection should become exclusive. And that condition is fulfilled when – in this moment of deprivation – the quest for the pleasures we enjoyed in his or her company is suddenly replaced by an anxious, torturing need, whose object is the person alone, an absurd, irrational need which the laws of this world make it impossible to satisfy and difficult to assuage – the insensate agonizing need to possess exclusively” (Proust, Marcel.…

    • 1368 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Yet, the characters he creates, mostly Claudio, are easily mislead through one word, “disloyal.” Claudio was told by Don John that his lover was unfaithful. For her to be separated from the ideal woman fidelity causes Claudio to react deceitful and overprotective…

    • 1223 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    (Moss 412) Vivien is probably the distinguishing reason why that Eliot hated marriage so much. Some critics suggest that “(...)the couple 's unsatisfactory sex life might have had something to do with(..)” both her mental collapse and his instability when it came to relationships. (Moss 413). Many critics of The Waste Land have said “The poem returns again and again to the idea of the pent-up boredom and despair of postwar culture, prominently through the image of a man and his wife merely going through the motions of married life(...)” (Moss . 415).…

    • 1494 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays