Bowlby Attachment Theory

1941 Words 8 Pages
The two theories that can better explain this problem is John’s Bowlby attachment theory and Erik Erickson eight stages of development. The first theory explains how important attachment is between a newborn and their caregivers. The attachment theory talks about a child’s biological development and the attachment between a child and their primary caregivers. Bowlby believes that it is important that in order for a child to survive he or she must have a good bond and relationship with their primary caregivers. The second can better explain a child’s development and how their accomplishments can affect them during their stages of development. If a child does not overcome a task in each stage he or she will have challenges growing up. A very …show more content…
“In the last decades, attachment theory has become one of the most important conceptual frameworks for understanding the process of affect regulation.” (Mikulincer, Shaver & Pereg, 2003 pg. 77) John Bowlby’s theory of attachment started from his research with hospitalized children who experienced maternal deprivation. John Bowlby believed that mental health problems and behavioral problems could be an aspect through early childhood. John Bowlby believed that attachment is more than just being held by their parents and providing hem food but more of love and the presence of the mother. “Bowlby highlighted the anxiety buffering and physical protection functions of close relationships, conceptualized proximity seeking as an alternative to instinctive fight-fight response, and emphasized the importance of interpersonal experiences as a source of individual differences in affect regulation over the life span.” (Mikulincer, Shaver & Pereg, 2003 pg. 77) Bowlby believes that if an individual develops a security attachment with their parents he or she will less likely to develop anxiety. “The current conception of the structure relates to two continuous dimensions of attachment …show more content…
It is important to know and understand that preterm babies will also have long-term complications, especially when they reach the school age. By having impaired cognitive skills, behavioral and psychological problems can really affect him or her at school and their social environment. According to Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory, he explains that each person will go through eight stages of development throughout their life, from infancy to late adulthood. Throughout the eight stages of development, Erikson believes that there is a crisis or task that and individual needs to complete in order to move on to the next stage and to develop a healthy personality. During each of Erikson’s eight stages, there is a psychological conflict that must be successfully overcome in order for a child to develop into a healthy, well-adjusted adult. According to Erikson, those who do not complete the tasks in each developmental stage will lead to feelings of inadequacy. Erikson’s eight stages of development include trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame/doubt, imitative vs. guilt, industry vs. inferiority, identity vs. role confusion, intimacy vs. isolation, generativity vs. stagnation and integrity vs. despair. Trust vs. Mistrust stage is from birth to eighteen months. During this stage infants start to learn to trust their

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