Compare And Contrast The Functionalist Theories Of Health And Social Care

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Register to read the introduction… However, the social medical model connects with the conflicts theories than the functionalist theory. These shows how functionalist see the issue of health. They believe that people adopt the sick role in return for being excused from their usual role in society, but the individual does have the right to seek medical help and help themselves to recover in order to quickly return to their normal social obligations. However, according to Talcott Person (1975), the functionalist ‘sick role’ defines health as the ability to maintain normal roles.
Some of the sick roles such as patients have an obligation to want to get well quickly as well as doctors expected to apply knowledge and skills in order to address the problem of illness. Patients will seek medical advice from the professionals, so the doctors are expected to act in the patients’ interest and the welfare of society. However, the patients’ ‘sick role’ is regarded as being in need of care. The doctors should guide them as on how to get better within their rule of professional
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However, not all ill people can get the sick role, as their work might not allow them to take time off or if they take time off they might not be paid. For example people working for agency. Most people who are sick may not get sympathy, while being sick and getting the sick role such as those with AIDS, and drug abuse. Some patients will not take the doctor’s advice and they will research the internet to establish their own diagnosis before they visit the doctor. This way the doctor loses his monopoly for medical knowledge and feels challenged therefore, he does not enjoy his job. The doctors will have examined the patients physically and checked their historical back ground information whether medical or personal. This allows the doctor to grant considerable self-rule in his professional …show more content…
Arguably the interactionism perspective would not have a single ideological view of the NHS but would look at the relationship within it. Therefore, doctors as gatekeepers give us our sick role as a patient, which leads to differences in how patients are subsequently treated. Doctors legitimise the sick role, but they will have to keep control of it in relation to the sick role. ‘Persons suggest the sick role involves both rights and obligations for those who are sick’. However, Turner (1987) argues with Marxists are for political and economy. However, Fletcher’s argues that functionalists have more responsibility with in the society now than before. For example, strength in health, welfare state agencies and families engaged by functionalists. ‘(ibid., p. 194)’ Therefore, Fletcher organizes a very important task in the economy but Marxists views this as power to buy consumer products as motivational means for workers at their

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