Compare and Contrast the Baroque Music and Jazz Essay

1845 Words Jul 14th, 2013 8 Pages
The Baroque period spanned from 1600 to 1750. The baroque period can be divided into three parts: early (1600-1640), middle (1640-1680), and late (1680-1750). Although today most people recognize the latest part as the baroque music, the earliest part was one of the most revolutionary phases in music history. The early baroque composers rejected the polyphony texture of the late Renaissance music and favored homophonic texture. They also focused on harmony rather than the complexity of melodic lines. The growth of figured bass and counterpoint represents the development of harmony. However, by the late baroque period, polyphonic texture returned to favor.

Famous Baroque composers: - Johann Sebastian Bach Popular work: Air on a G
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For example, as we can see from Concerto V by Bach, there are 1/16th notes constantly throughout.
Texture in baroque music is mostly polyphonic: two or more voices or melodic lines playing independently to express complexity. Baroque composers tried to expand the size, range, and complexity of instrumental performance. Imitation is very common in baroque music.

“All you have do is touch the right key at the right time and the instrument will play itself”

This is a famous quote by Bach. Baroque musicians try to play what is written on the music score.

There is mainly three common baroque forms; three-part from (A B A), two-part form (A B A), and continuous or undivided form. A lot of concerto movements including concerto V by Bach are in Ritornello form. The word, “Ritornello”, means “return” in Italian. After Tutti section, solo section begins and Tutti section come back again after the solo section.

The Same rhythmic patterns are repeated in Jazz, yet often syncopated; unexpected accents. The rhythm patterns heard in the begging of Jazz pieces will be repeated throughout.

Swing rhythm is also main characteristic of Jazz. Jazz originally developed from ragtime music, whose main characteristic is “ragged” or syncopated rhythm.
Improvisation is an important aspect of Jazz music. Jazz musicians improvise in melody, rhythm and bass lines. A jazz musician plays what he wants to play. Therefore, they have a great deal of

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