Jean Piaget's Psychosocial Theory Essay

785 Words 4 Pages
Psychologists have helped to form many practices in early childhood education programs. These theories on development have been researched and formulated to help us understand how and why a child develops intellectually and socially as they do. Jean Piaget’s cognitive theory focuses on the intellectual development of a child; while Erik Erikson 's theory encompasses social and emotional development.

Jean Piaget, a psychologist born in 1896, was the first person to develop a well thought out theory on connectivity in children. While employed at the Binet Institue; Piaget became interested in why children gave the wrong answers to questions and how their answers were similar (bookcite). This set Piaget on a quest to show how a child 's thought
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These eight stages began at birth and continue to develop until late adulthood. Erikson’s stages of psychosocial theory include trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame and doubt, initiative vs. guilt, competence vs. inferiority, identity vs. role confusion, intimacy vs. isolation, generatively vs. stagnation, and integrity vs. despair (bookcite). The success of one stage is dependent on the completion of the prior stage. Each stage builds upon new “problems to be solved” (bookcite 95 para 10 ). Erikson’s fourth stage of development explains how vital it is for a child to master every stage of psychosocial …show more content…
Both psychologist also believed that maturation “the process of physical and mental growth that is determined by heredity” plays a role in development (bookpg 114 para 3). Piaget’s perspective on development and Erikson’s initiative vs. guilt stage on development both encompass exploring and learning through doing as key to growth. According to these theories, a child in a classroom learns information best by explore their surroundings and participate in various activities instead of only being taught

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