The Medieval Ages and Renaissance were periods of distinct cultural and worldviews within the continent of Europe. Both the Medieval Ages and Renaissance had the presence of a social organization and had artwork centered on religion. However, during the Renaissance architecture was influenced by Greco-Roman styles, had the existence of towns, questioned the power of the Catholic Church, and had an educated public.
The Medieval Ages was the period of European history between the 5th and the 15th century. Normally marked from the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, this time period was an unproductive one where the public lived in constant fear of barbarian invasions. Little to no thinking occurred as life itself seemed to worsen as time
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During the Medieval Ages architecture was rarely focused on beauty, instead it was focused on its ability to defend. During this time castles were often the only buildings built widely throughout Western Europe, not including the churches of course. Castles were often built in a bulky design, normally surrounded by a mote, in which the only way into the castle is by using the drawbridge. Towers were built around the castle in order to see invaders from a distance as well as supply a place for rangers to shoot from. Within the walls of the Manors houses for the peasants were mere shacks in which an entire family lived, often located on the fields themselves. During the Renaissance however, architecture was greatly influenced by that of Rome’s and Greece’s. This was a result of the Christian crusades, an attempt to recapture the holy land from the Muslims. Although Christians had failed at capturing the holy land, they had acquired much knowledge from the Islamic Region. Since Muslims often used the domes, columns and arches in their buildings of Mosques, the idea of using them in Western European buildings began to arise upon the return of crusaders. Over time, architectural styles in Western Europe began to emphasis symmetry, proportion, geometry and the regularity of parts as they are demonstrated in the architecture of classical antiquity and in particular ancient