Compare And Contrast Hinduism And Buddhism?

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Of the major religions of the world, Hinduism and Buddhism are two of the top five in number of followers (Pew Research Center, 2015). Sharing a common bond in their place of birth, these two world religions share common beliefs as well, yet differ from one another in many ways. In this paper I will compare and contrast Hinduism and Buddhism origin, culture, reincarnation, and karma.

Hinduism and Buddhism have roots in Indian society and share many as well as two of the largest populated religions in world religions. Sharing similar origins and culture. What differentiates Hinduism and Buddhism beliefs in reincarnation and karma? The goal is to reach enlightenment for Hindus and Buddhist yet follow different life paths.
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Hindus believe every thing has a soul or Atman, while Buddhists do not believe in a soul, Anatta. Hinduism teaches that every living body, including animals, has a soul. For Hindus, Gods can take many shapes such as animals. Buddhists on the other hand, can be reincarnated in different forms, animal or human. For Hindus, the soul was originally part of Brahman who wanted it to return to him in a pure form by reaching a state of Moksha. A process so hard it takes many lifetimes. The soul is forced to live in a cycle of rebirth until cleansed of impurities, reaching enlightenment. To break the cycle, the soul must be pure enough to return to Brahman. This is done through Purusartha, Hindu’s four life goals to pursue. The four goals include; Dharma: moral values, Artha: community service, Kama: acting upon those values, and Mokṣa: liberation. The four Purusarthas are essential. Buddhists live by five rules; never harm living things, steal, perform sexual wrongdoing, lie, take drugs or consume alcoholic beverages. The Hindu reincarnation cycle is as follows birth, karma, death, and rebirth. For Buddhists, the cycle also takes many lifetimes to reach Nirvana. Meaning, continually reincarnated until nirvana is reached, ending suffering and the

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