Compare And Contrast Guided Instruction And Constuctivistic Teaching

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Guided instruction and constuctivistic teaching are two instructional approaches. Guided instruction relies on the teachers to scaffold learning whereas constructivism relies on individual constructs, experiences, and adaptation. Both approaches have advantages and disadvantages. In addition, both approaches are affected by individual differences and developmental stages. Ultimately, constructivistic teaching is a much more effective approach because it incorporates so much more than “learning” through lecturing and guided instruction.
Guided Instruction Guided instruction, or guided learning, is an instructional approach where teachers scaffold (assist the student in solving a task or completing a goal) to facilitate learning. The teacher
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Guided instruction gives full explanations to the student, and novice learners benefit from being provided direct guidance. The teaching techniques of this approach are generally easy to learn and novice teachers find these techniques easy to apply. There is also some evidence to support that guided teaching allows the students to be less frustrated and confused wit new concepts. Some students have shown to learn significantly more than those students with minimal guidance (Kirschner, Sweller, Clark, 2006). These advantages do not hold true for all developmental stages and does not take into account individual …show more content…
This approach is student centered and allows the student to see where the new information “fits in” to their already built cognitions (Hartle, Baviskar, & Smith, 2012). This teaching approach values real life experiences and employs five principles: “1. posing problems of emerging relevance, 2. building lessons around primary concepts, 3. seeking and valuing learns’ points of view, 4. adapting instruction according to learners’ points of view, and 5. assessing learning learning in the context of daily teaching” (Semerci & Batdi, 2015, pp 171). In this approach, the teacher has a passive role and builds a learning environment that encourages self-direction. The teacher does supervise this learning environment, but plays more of a coaching role as opposed to an information giver role. There are also four essential criteria for constructivism: “1. prior knowledge, 2. cognitive dissonance, 3. application with feedback, and 4. metacognition” (Hartle, Baviskar, & Smith, 2012, Abstract). Lessons are organized by needs of the students and individual interests. These interests and experiences help to increase motivation of the students because they are more focused. The approach encourages students to construct their knowledge and not just take information at face value (Semerci & Batdi, 2015). Although there are many advantages to a constructivist approach, there are

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