Compare and Contrast Greece and Rome Essay

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Compare/Contrast

Compare/Contrast
Greece & Rome

Compare/Contrast Page 1

“And what he greatly thought, he nobly dared.”
Homer
“Wherever the fates lead us let us follow.”
Virgil

Not all roads lead to it and it most definitely was not built in a day, but Rome stands out in our modern western culture as the grandest of all ancient civilizations. We see evidence of the Roman world all around us; in such things as our architecture, art and government. But
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There were shrines for the oracles of Apollo at Delphi and there were ritual cults which re-enacted the processes of the passing of the seasons.
The Roman practice of religious myth and cults derived from the eastern Greek tradition and were heavily influenced by the Greek gods and agricultural preoccupations. But as the republic matured and moved away from republicanism its religion became more eclectic and cosmopolitan. Each household was free to have a shine for its own god and each street corner its own idol. Of course this all changed as the emperor cults of Augustus and “mystery” religions floated through the empire, like Zoroastrianism and eventually Christianity, and proved to move the empire toward a monotheist religious order by the 4th century CE.
Culture and Language
Culture and language go together for both the Greeks and the Romans. A shared and common language developed around the Aegean sometime in the 8th century BCE. The peoples of the area we now call Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey and Crete, spoke the same language and this, together with a shared heritage of religion and myth made them Greek and created a common culture. This does not mean the people in the region were politically homogenous, at least in the early days.

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