Compare And Contrast Augustine On The Problem Of Suicide

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Augustine on the problem of suicide is a focus response to Christians who were victims of rape during the sack of Rome. In effect to the act of violation they may be contemplating of ending their own life in order to preserve their sense of ‘honour’. Whereas some argue (those against Christianity) that there are acts of suicide that are justifiable such as martyrdom, for martyr’s foresees their coming death and allow it. Augustine in effect responds in Book 1 of “The city of God” (Dyson version) that suicide greatly differs from martyrdom because the two possessed different intentions when their death was brought about. For suicide victims intend their own death, whereas martyrs foresee theirs, yet had no actions in bringing it about. In which …show more content…
For martyrs are killed even though they foresee their coming deaths, and possibly could escape depending on the situation. Such as “choose to abandon God, or forfeit your life,” or choosing sacrificing themselves to save the life of another. Given these martyrs were killed in per-say, defending someone else they’ve actively brought upon their own death, but their intention is to defend someone else. Dying was merely a consequent of their actions. However, it was the individual who slew them that was the cause of their death, whereas the martyr possessed intentions to preserve the life of another through altruistic means. Furthermore, there may also be cases where the individual is given the choice to cast aside the ideal of God, or be choose to be killed. In not abandoning God they foresaw their own death. However, they did not actively bring upon their own deaths, rather it was brought it upon from external forces. To specify, Augustine is explaining that those who had death brought upon them were not acts of suicide because they did not intentionally kill themselves, rather it was an external cause. That in which they’re hands are clean of sin for they did not commit suicide. Hence the Martyr is nothing like the the victims of rape because they did not intentionally or actively bring about their own deaths, meaning they did not sin or actively sought their own …show more content…
For Augustine explains that the martyr preserved their mind and soul. For even though their physical body would succumb to pain and death, that pain is only only momentarily. For their soul will take flight and be rewarded in the second city. That in which, Augustine argues it is better to face the pains of the temporal life, regardless of the span of time the pain is, rather choosing to “die a second time” during the time of judgement and be eternally condemned to damnation. For this is what victims of rape have chosen to do given how they perceived the concept of chastity. Rather Augustine is attempting to convince the victims of rape to find repentance, and through the forms of meditation they can find solace from the pains done onto them. In which the victims can understand that the pains they are suffering are a test from God. To see if these victims were true of their humility and deem whether they truly are humble at heart or merely prideful in the physical state of their

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