Principle Of Abstinence-Based Treatment

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Abstinence-based treatment first developed at Hazelden Treatment center in Minnesota in 1949. Targeted to reach out to those who’ve become known as “hopeless” addicts, it is meant to treat addiction as a disease. There is also, the belief that the through counseling and support the addicted person can recover as long as they maintain lifelong abstinence from drugs and alcohol. The first principle of the treatment is that all addictions are caused by a lifelong physiological, social, and psychological disease processes; in which no cure exist for it. However, recovery is possible through support and the right attitude. This process includes taking responsibility for the disease, as well as spiritual awakening, and faith in higher power. The …show more content…
It is also, a movement in progress to support the rights for those who are drug addicts, in order to earn them so rights. However, the most common definition refers to policies, programs and practices that strive to reduce the harms that correspond with the use of psychoactive drugs in people unable and/or unwilling to stop. One of the principles includes realizing that, poverty, class, racism, social isolation, past traumatic experiences, sexually based discriminations and other social inequalities play a key role in drug abuse. It also affects the fact of whether the addict will have a relapse or not. Another principle would be that every addiction whether it’s an addiction to a licit or illicit drug should all be treated the same. Another principle includes giving those who have used drugs and currently use drugs a voice for when they create programs and policies designed to help serve and protect them; and of course treat The program’s overall, goal is to promote public health as well as finding new ways to drug treatment and policy that are based on science and research. Harm reduction programs have also, proven to lower HIV risks, hepatitis transmission and death from overdose. Harm reduction is more of a rehabilitation center made to meet the needs of those who want to rid of such …show more content…
Both methods also encourage patients to attend meeting and have people who support them around. Their methods however differ; Abstinence-based treatment has a more spiritual approach and it is looked at as a disease which has psychological and social aspects to it. The harm reduction process involves more of a protection and a place for the addicts to gain some self control. It is less demanding and overall, less work for the addicts in a way compared to the Abstinence-based treatment. Also, the harm reduction programs deal with all drug abuse situations the same way, compared to abstinence programs where every situation is seen in various ways and all treated depending on what form the disease is in and how far gone the person is. Abstinence-based treatment overall, wants to have its patients treated within a natural path; that includes having a possible relapse, and then returning to being abstinence, and returning back to their normal lives. The process is very rigorous and demands a person to be fully aware of their situation and willing to help themselves; before anything can be done to help the addict. Harm reduction overall, wants to have its patients be happy, and go through this process knowing that they be successful. It also, works to help prevent the spread of diseases through the use of drugs. In addition, it helps promote public

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