Comparative Study of Academic Achievement of Student from Monogamous and Polygamous Families

2554 Words Mar 31st, 2012 11 Pages
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS
FROM MONOGAMOUS AND POLYGAMOUS FAMILIES IN OFFA, KWARA
STATE.
BY
IGWESI, B. N. (MRS),
Department of Educational Foundations,
University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.
Abstract

This study compared the academic achievement of students from monogamous and polygamous families. It was a causal comparative study under the survey research approach. The sample consisted of 100 SSI students from monogamous families and 100 SSI students from polygamous families.
Simple random sampling method was used In selecting four secondary schools in Offa, Kwara State.
Stratified simple random sampling method was also used In seiecting the students. A proforma was used for collecting data on the academic
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Obemeata (1971), and Daramola (1994) attributed it to the students' background that is, the type of home environment where the child is raised. They stressed that the environmental condition and the nature of social interaction that goes on in the family may have some positive or negative influence on the academic achievement of a child. Daramola (1994) further stated that the factors affecting a child's educational achievement include the occupational status of the parents, the attitude of parents to their children's education, and the values transmitted by the parents. . .
Wilkins (1976) noted that in monogamous family, both parents show active interest in what their child is doing at school. They also encourage his reading habits, and this enables him to have obvious advantage over his peers from polygamous families. He further noted that the child from a polygamous family may have just few textbooks, while the child from monogamous family may have almost all the books recommended at school. In polygamous families also, it may be the mother's responsibility to see that the children do their home work, provide them with materials needed for academic work and, in most cases, manage to pay the children's fees. This is contrary to what happens in the monogamous families.
Lewis (1981) also opined that in traditional African cultures (especially in
Nigeria), one of the reasons for sanctioning polygamy was the strong desire for offspring. In their

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