Comparative Lexicology Essay examples

8449 Words Mar 29th, 2009 34 Pages
1.Lexicology as a branch of linguistic study, its connection with phonetics, grammar, stylistics & contrastive linguistics.
Lexicology is the branch of linguistics that deals with the lexical component of language.
The lexicon holds information about the phonetic, phonological, syntactic, semantic and pragmatic properties of words and consequently has a central role in these levels of analysis. It is also a major area of investigation in other areas of linguistics, such as psycholinguistics, typological linguistics and language acquisition. Lexicology is concerned with the nature of the vocabulary and the structure of the lexicon; and lexicography applies the insights of lexicology, along with those of other linguistics disciplines, to
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Pronouns are also cognate: I/ich; thou/Du; we/wir; she/sie. However, language change has eroded many grammatical elements, such as the noun case system, which is greatly simplified in Modern English; and certain elements of vocabulary, much of which is borrowed from French. In fact, more than half of the words in English either come from the French language or have a French cognate (words that have a common origin). However, the most common root words are still of Germanic origin.
Ukrainian is a language of the East Slavic subgroup of the Slavic languages. It is the official state language of Ukraine. Ukrainian uses a Cyrillic alphabet. It shares some vocabulary with the languages of the neighboring Slavic nations, most notably with Belarusian, Polish, Russian and Slovakian. Ukrainian traces its origins to the Old East Slavic language of the ancient state of Kievan Rus'. The language has persisted despite the two bans by Imperial Russia and political persecution during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

5.Vocabulary as a system: its development & functioning, the problem of classification of words.
Jesperson considered that grammar is systematic `cause it deals with general facts as vocabulary deals with indiv. Properties of words non-systematically. But modern linguistics professor Arnold proved that lexicology also deals with both general & individ. facts. Voc. is open & changeable system. New

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