Compact City Case Study

897 Words 4 Pages
. Policies of Compact City………….………………….…………………………………………………………..2
3. THE IMPORTANCE OF COMPACT CİTY MODEL……..…………………………………………………….……3
4. URBAN SUSTAİNABİLİTY…………………………………………………………………………………………….….4 4.1. Compact City and Urban Sustainability relationship………….…………………………………..5
5. CONCLUSION…………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………….9
6. REFERENCES……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………10

1. INTRODUCTION With the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, cities encountered with a rapid growth. In 21 century occurring physical and population growth continue in urban areas. The rapid growth in urban areas is caused by motor vehicles increasing, deterioration of the environmental quality, resources pollution, high density
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The compact city, we are told, is more energy efficient and less polluting because compact city dwellers can live closer to shops and work and can walk, bike, or take transit. Proponents claim it promotes more community-oriented social patterns (Katz 1994).
Ideally, a compact city secures socially beneficial, economically viable, and environmentally sound development through dense and mixed use patterns that rely on sustainable transportation (Jenks & Jones, 2010; Dempsey 2010; Jenks & Dempsey, 2005; Burton, 2002)
This line of research directs attention to the tripartite composition of sustainable development – economic, environmental and social sustainability - and opens the way for cross-domain analyses (Krueger & Gibbs, 2007).
2.2. Policies of Compact
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The idea emphasizes that urban activities should be located closer together to ensure better access to services and facilities via public transport, walking, and cycling, and more efficient utility and infrastructure provision. The basic provision of the compact city is the local community or neighborhood, though conventional urban planning models tend to plan towns and cities at a larger scale with a reliance primarily on automobile travel. In the compact city, human scale factors should be given greater emphasis from the viewpoint of achieving a better quality of life, and therefore consideration of the effects of the local environment are key components in such planning. The objectives of the Dutch national spatial policy documents are strongly related to the concept of the compact city and the general aim to create sustainable urban areas. In international research, the concern with sustainable urban development has grown enormously in the past 25 years. Following the publication Our Common Future (WCED, 1987) emphasized the role of compact forms of urbanization as a basis for a more sustainable urban development. More recently, the Charter of Leipzig (European Urban Knowledge Network, 2007) and the publication Cities of Tomorrow (European Commission, 2011) emphasize the importance of compact urban developments as an important sustainable strategy for the future development of

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