Community Policing Philosophy

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Community policing is an important policing strategy used throughout many countries including the United States of America (Casey, J., 2010). The principles of community policing give the community the ability to influence and work along with law enforcement. Community policing is more than just a program; it is a “philosophy" (Roth et al., 2000). To some community policing is a program and an organizational innovation and to others it is a philosophy that puts the needs and quality of the community first (Roth et al., 2000).
Community policing includes updated training, new policies, new services delivered, new recruitment, change in patrol and supervision officers, and new objectives (Steden, R. van, Miltenburg, E & Boutellier, J.C.J., 2014).
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The principles are that the police are to serve the public needs. One of Peel 's principles states, “The ability of police officials to fulfill duties is dependent on public approval. Police must achieve the cooperation of the public” (Lentz and Chaires, 2007). Peel also supported limiting the use of force as a last resort, “Police use physical force to the extent necessary to secure observance of the law or to restore order only when the exercise of persuasion, advice, and a warning is found to be insufficient.” (Lentz & Chaires, …show more content…
The Kerner Commission 's strategy supported training officers to be respectful while interacting with citizens maintaining order and to improve police-community relations. Legitimacy was important since the police could get the approval of citizens by being a positive example. Community policing needs the people to see the police as legitimate, fair, moral and just, so people are more likely to comply with law enforcement (Sampson et al., 1997). In the late 20th century community policing was becoming popular throughout the United States. Eighty five percent of American police departments had engaged in community policing according to survey data (Skogan, 2004); community policing was most popular among big cities. At the end of the 20th century, Seventy percent of departments had meetings with citizens; citizen involvement is an important part of community policing (Bureau of Justice Statistics,

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