Community Health and Population C229 Essay

2852 Words Jul 12th, 2016 12 Pages
Application of Community Health & Population-Focused Nursing

Western Governors University


1. Describe the Chosen Outbreak Measles is virus with a single-stranded RNA and two membranes: a fusion protein that infuses into the host cell membrane and the hemagglutinin protein that absorbs the virus into the cells. The primary site for invasion is in the epithelium of the nares. Measles is highly contagious and very infectious because it is easily transmitted when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The virus can stay in the air or on surfaces for up to two hours and infect many people who inhale the infectious agent or touch a surface, then be introduced to a new host through touch to
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One woman who was immune deficient and contracted the measles died of the disease (CA news 4, 2015). The pathway through California is as follows to show the fast transmission of the disease:
Jan. 13: San Bernardino, 3 new cases.
Jan. 23: Ventura, a bank employee with the measles.
Jan. 16: San Diego, 7 cases.
Jan. 17: Health Officials confirmed 51 cases linked to Disneyland.
Jan. 19: Rancho Bernardo Urgent Care closed due to measles.
Jan. 20: Huntington Beach High School had a student with measles. Twenty-three unvaccinated students were sent home for 21 days.
Jan. 21: Orange County had 2 more cases and San Diego had 5 more. Disneyland announced that 5 employees had measles.
Jan. 28: California State University, a student with measles.
Feb. 3: Los Angeles had 21 cases, 17 linked directly to Disneyland.

2. Analyze the Epidemiological Determinants of the Outbreak Measles is a contact infection that is transferred from one person to another through airborne particles or by touching an infected surface and transferring that infectious agent to the next host through the eyes or nose. Because the virus lives for two hours in a room and can be passed from one host to another before the first host even knows he is infected, it is a highly communicable disease. Those with active immunization, having received the vaccination, were less likely to contract the disease. Crowded rooms,

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