Community Control Programs As Part Of Deterrence Essay

930 Words Nov 13th, 2016 4 Pages
Community-Control Programs as Part of Deterrence The use of deterrence theory has also been applied to community-control programs, specifically during the reform of the correctional system that involved the abandonment of rehabilitation (Cullen & Jonson, 2017). The movement gained support from both conservatives and liberals for its ability to be both tough on offenders but also limit the number of people sent to prisons, which provided cost-savings (Cullen & Jonson, 2017). Community-control programs, also known as intermediate punishments, instilled that if offenders were rigorously supervised and under threat of punishment, they were less likely to recidivate (Cullen & Jonson, 2017). A number of programs were developed including intensive probation and parole, electric monitoring, house arrest, drug testing, and boot camps. In particular, intensive supervision programs (ISPs) exploded in popularity (Petersilia & Turner, 1993). Similar to the empirical evidence regarding the deterrence theory involving punishments and prison, the research on community-based programs focused on deterrence also did not produce encouraging findings. According to a meta-analysis performed by Gendreau et al. (2000), there is little evidence to show that intermediate sanctions are effective, while the scientists also found no difference in recidivism rates between groups that received ISP compared to standard supervision. Following their study of community-corrections programs, Cullen et al.…

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