Communism Essay

850 Words Nov 30th, 2015 4 Pages
Adlai E Stevenson once said, “Communism is the death of the soul. It is the organization of total conformity - in short, of tyranny - and it is committed to making tyranny universal.” The communism Stevenson is referring to does not match the communism Karl Marx wrote about in his political pamphlet, The Communist Manifesto. In Marx’s pure, communist economy, the community makes decisions. “In today's communist countries, most economic decisions are made by the government. Its leaders make all economic decisions, a system known as a command economy. The decisions are outlined in a plan that is carried out with laws, regulations and directives.” (useconomy) The communist countries in the twentieth century were not Marx’s idea of communism …show more content…
Also, further political unrest occurred after a freedom of speech policy, or Glasnost, was implemented by Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev backfired. “What Gorbachev did not realize was that by giving people complete freedom of expression, he was unwittingly unleashing emotions and political feelings that had been pent up for decades, and which proved to be extremely powerful when brought out into the open.” (coldwarmuseum) Another common factor in the economic decline of communist countries in the twentieth century is an incredibly overbalanced military budget. During the Cold War, the Soviet Union was locked in an arms race with the United States. “Second, their economic planning failed to meet the needs of the State, which was caught up in a vicious arms race with the United States. This led to gradual economic decline, eventually necessitating the need for reform.” (coldwarmusieum) Following the United States’ attacks on Hiroshima, the Soviets began developing their own nuclear weapons in order to compete with the United States. “From the late 1940s, the Soviet armed forces focused on adapting to the Cold War in the era of nuclear arms by achieving parity with the United States in strategic nuclear weapons.” (worldebook) This movement further increased military spending in the Soviet Union until its military forces became one of the strongest in the world. Another factor that caused the need for increased military

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