Compare And Contrast Communism And Fascism

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Defining Nazi-Soviet Relations by Political Philosophy
Communism and Fascism, at one glance, seems to be similar in the philosophy of collectivism and anti-democracy. However, the two philosophies cannot coexist due to the striking differences in loyalty and social roles. Both philosophies agreed on two major ideas that people should blend into their communities and that capitalism was unfair and harmful. However, Communism believes that the people are loyal to their social class, so they are loyal to people internationally in the same class (Stalin). However, Fascism strongly denies loyalty across nations, since it strongly urges for national pride and loyalty (Franco; “25 Points”). The political philosophies correlate to the beginning of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, a nonaggression pact between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany. However, the two nations soon turned against one another, since their “common interests” seemed to cease (“Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact”).
One of the strongest traits of both philosophies is the disapproval of individualism. The main idea of collectivism in Communism is described by Joseph Stalin, in 1913:
The right of self-determination means that only the nation itself has the right to
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Their ideas of collectivism harbored antagonism towards democracy, determining the invasion of Poland. However, their differences caused the Pact to be broken. The agreement was shaky to begin with, as it was made ignoring their political philosophies right after a history of political tensions. The Nazis did not want a growing influence of Soviet Jews, who were an “inferior race”. Most of all, the growing power of such differences caused Nazi Germany to take action. Communism and Fascism battled against each other in the Second World War through the growing powers of the relatively new Soviet Union and Nazi

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