Colorectal Cancer : The Third Most Common Type Of Cancer Essay

1131 Words Mar 11th, 2015 null Page
Colorectal cancer is the third most common type of cancer, and the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Estimates show that reaching desired outcomes, in terms of colorectal cancer screening, could save 18,800 lives per year (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force USPSTF, 2014). According to Cancer Statistics, 2015; estimates of new colorectal cancer cases and deaths in the United States by the end of this year are: 132,700 and 49,700 respectively. In addition, estimates of 2015 by state show that California is the highest in both incidence and deaths, with 14,510 (12%), and 5,180 (11%) respectively nationwide. Increasing the proportion of adults who receive a colorectal cancer screening, is one of the leading health indicators by Healthy People 2020. This objective tracks the proportion of adults (aged 50-75 years), who have had one of the following most recent screening tests, recommended by USPSTF with a grade A, in order to be included. The screening tests are; a blood test in the past year, sigmoidoscopy in the past 5 years and blood stool test in the last past 3 years, or a colonoscopy in the past 10 years. In 2008, only 52.1% of adults aged 50 to 75 years received a colorectal cancer screening (Healthy People 2020). The most recent guidelines by the USPSTF recommend that screening for colorectal cancer should start at age 50, because it will result in a balance between patients’ lives or years gained, and risks of colonoscopy. Aging is a…

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