Colon Cancer: Causes And Treatment Of Colon Cancer

Better Essays
Colon cancer is also called colorectal cancer; it is a cancer of the digestive system, it affects any part of the colon. This type of cancer begins in cells that make and release mucus and other fluids. In most cases, there are not any early symptoms of the disease, that is why it is especially important to obtain a colonoscopy. However, some individuals may experience constipation, diarrhea, or changes in bowel movements that last longer than average. An individual may feel tired, experience weight loss. An infected person may have bloody stools or long thin pencil stools(normally indicating the tumor has obstructed the large intestine). Bloating or discomfort in the stomach, the rectum may cramp or if the disease has reached an advanced stage, …show more content…
In the case of colon cancer, a polyp begins in the inside of the colon lining, in which, the growth may become cancerous. Polyps are normally in the inner wall of the colon. An individual with cancer 's- survival odds, are dependent on the stage of cancer they are diagnosed with. For colon cancer patients, Stage 0 is found in the inner lining of the colon. Stage 1 reaches past the inner lining of the colon, to the outer layers. Stage 2 has a larger tumor, and goes through the muscular wall of the colon. Stage 3 surpasses the colon and spreads to the lymph nodes. Stage 3 is divided into 3 types: A,B or C. Stage 3A tumors involve the colon wall and the lymph nodes. Stage 3B has surpassed the colon wall and has infected one to four lymph nodes. Stage 3C has spread to more than four lymph nodes. Stage IV is the most severe, and involves the cancer spreading well passed the colon to other organs in the body, ex.lungs. The affected individuals will almost indefinitely have symptoms in the later stages of colon cancer.
Normally, cells are designed to divide in an orderly manner, and die when they are weak or damaged, to make room for new cells. In all cancerous diseases there is an abnormal growth and division of cells. When a cell divides into an abundant amount, the mutation- prevents normal cells from functioning properly and this affects the part of the body these particular tumors/cancerous diseases have grown in. However,
…show more content…
If one or more of those processes are disrupted, it affects homeostatic stability of the patient. The authors stated, " Colorectal cancer is the third most common form of cancer and the second cause of cancer-related deaths in the Western World". (Vitiani, Fabrizi, Palio, Maria, 2009). The review validates and is consistent with the statements made by John L. Zeller, MD, PhD; Cassio Lynm, MA and Richard M. Glass, MD. In order to maintain a normal level of homeostasis, normal cells must divide to replace the older versions of cells. Cancer has a dire affect on homeostasis, because it affects the cell division in a patient 's body. Cancer makes non-cancerous cells malignant by interrupting the internal cellular control mechanisms: this disorder, does not allow DNA to repair, and interferes with programmed cell death, eventually leading to metastasis in the later

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Renal Cancer

    • 1158 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Among the various types of digestive tumors, colorectal cancer is the most common malignancy, it is the second leading cause of death from cancers (Washington &Leaver, 705). Just like all other cancers, the digestive system cancers use the TNM staging system by the AJCC. This system maybe used clinically before or after surgery. Depending on the location of the tumor in the digestive system, TNM staging will still include the primary site of the tumor, the number of lymph nodes involve and the extent in spread. Again, digestive system tumors can spread in different routes, for examples through the lymphatic chain or blood borne spread.…

    • 1158 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Adenocarcinoma develops in an organ or gland and squamous cell carcinoma originates in squamous epithelium. Adenocarcinomas may affect mucus membranes and are first seen as a thickened plaque-like white mucosa. These are rapidly spreading cancers. 2. Sarcoma These cancers originate in connective and supportive tissues including muscles, bones,cartilage and fat.…

    • 4932 Words
    • 20 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    If it spreads to the liver, symptoms may result in nausea, extreme fatigue, high abdominal girth, fluid collection which causes swelling hands and feet, and yellowing or itchy skin. If it spreads to the lymph nodes of the belly, it may result to bloating, a swollen belly or loss of appetite. If it spreads to the brain or spinal cord, symptoms may result in pain, confusion, memory loss, headache, blurred or double vision, difficulty with speech, difficulty with movement or seizures. Patients that have metastatic colorectal cancer may not always realize the symptoms before being diagnosed. Colorectal cancer has a staging system known as the “TNM system, which has been established by the American Joint Committee on Cancer” (CTCA).…

    • 1029 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    (1) Cancerous tumors are distinguished by cell division, which is no longer controlled by a normal tissue. The normal cells stop dividing when they come into contact with like cells,a mechanism known as “contact inhibition".Cancerous cells lose their ability . The concept of chemotherapy is to kill cancer cells and it depends on its ability to hold cell division. Usually, cancer drugs work by damaging the RNA or DNA that basically tells the cell how to replicate or copy itself in cell division. If the cancer cells don’t divide on time, they die.…

    • 853 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    If the tumor blocks parts of the digestive system, problems such as nausea, vomiting, and other digestive problems, may result. Some of the most important warning signs or symptoms are pain in the abdominal area, discoloration of the skin, vomiting, and sudden weight loss. After some time has passed, the pancreatic tumor may also cause blood clotting and pain the back…

    • 978 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Skin Cancer Research Paper

    • 2231 Words
    • 9 Pages

    He is like the rest of cancerous tumors skin cancer is a disease of the cells. Cells are combinations infinitesimal interference in the formation of all members of the body, such as skin, heart, bones Despite the fact that various members of cells different in structure but they multiply by division, and when the cell division irregularly and without body control consists abnormal growth and consists of the tumor, which can be either benign or and malignant cancer called malignant ones. Adenoma to Anther which can usually be removed college surgery while the malignancy or cancer invades adjacent normal tissue and spread to other parts of the body is called metastases, and even if you removed the primary tumor surgically, the disease recover again because these malignant cells spread…

    • 2231 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Cancer Informative Speech

    • 557 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Cancer in the brain will eventually cause disruptions between normal brain wave patterns such as breathing. As Cancer cells grow eventually they will become to much for the infected area and break off of the tumor and travel to other areas of the body. This can cause clotting, thus depriving red blood cells and eventually oxygen from reaching certain parts of your body. The severity, aggressiveness, and many other factors all comes down to the fact that every cancer is different and unique to that very own individual. Who is more susceptible to cancer?…

    • 557 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Human Lung Cancer

    • 1161 Words
    • 5 Pages

    It is important to recognize how it can affect the body if it is not prevented or treated in early stages. The development of lung cancer begins when a single mutated cell begins to replicate abnormally and rapidly, resulting in a malignant tumor. When somebody is diagnosed with lung cancer, the consequence to the patient’s health and overall function of the body is completely altered. Cancer affects everything from the cells to the organism itself. Lung cancer must be taken serious to how it is approached and treated, as different stages of cancer can only be treated with certain procedures.…

    • 1161 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Cancer Awareness Outline

    • 1669 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Also, cancer can grow at different rates. The rates at which the cancer spreads is often described as stages. There are four stages of cancer. Stage 1 cancer is considered the onset of the disease and progresses to stage 2 and so forth. Stage 4 is considered a very serious stage that is an advanced stage where the cancer spreads widely and often leads to death.…

    • 1669 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Cancer: A Case Study

    • 1569 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Cancer is becoming a second leading cause of death in our society. The expenses for diagnosis and treatment are overwhelming. People may deal with various challenges like; physical, social, emotional and spiritual. “Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells anywhere in a body” (What is cancer, 2014). “Cancer is associated with the alteration expression of cellular genes that normally regulate proliferation and differentiation” (Copstead & Banasik, 2013).…

    • 1569 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays

Related Topics