Colon Cancer : Cancer And Cancer Essay

2008 Words Dec 11th, 2015 9 Pages
Colon Cancer Colon cancer, also known as colorectal cancer, is a form of cancer that affects the large intestine and rectum. The cancer cells do not die when signaled to do so. Instead, they grow unmonitored. The cancer will grow into more tissue and organs and develop more new cancer cells. In Stage I colon cancer only affects either the colon or the rectum. The cancer cells are found in the epithelial and lamina propria layers, the top layers of the large intestine and rectum. In Stage II, the tumor grows into the muscularis propria, a deeper, thicker layer of the colon. This muscle contracts and forces contents along the intestine. Stage III of colon cancer occurs when the cancer has moved through the muscularis propria into the subserosa, the connective tissue. Stage IV colon cancer entails the tumor progressing out of the colon and into distant organs. These organs include the liver, small intestine, lymph nodes, and in severe cases, the lungs. The symptoms of colon cancer are mostly recognizable. However, when symptoms occur, the cancer is usually spread to other organs and has become terminal. The symptoms include: changes in bowel habits, such as bloody stools, diarrhea, or constipation. This is the most common symptom and the biggest red flag. The rectum also experiences unexplained bleeding that could be followed by abdominal pain. The cancer patient will also notice dramatic and unintended weight loss. Colon cancer is mainly caused by smoking and inheritance.…

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