Collective Action

1110 Words 5 Pages
The problem with finding a solution to policy creation to combat the issue of global warming has been proven to be complicated and complex. Many ideas have been brought up within political spheres with regards to how best to go about this. Currently, the model of collective action is regarded as one of the more suitable ways to combat global warming. Collective action may help policy focused on global warming to an extent, however other ideas such as taking a polycentric approach to the issue will greatly aid in this challenge.

Global warming policy development has been at a standstill around the world for a variety of reasons. One of the most serious issues is the fact that many people do not believe that global warming is as
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One of the most obvious problems is the problem with the Tragedy of the Commons, as put forth by Garrett Hardin in his 1968 paper. This problem is illustrated by multiple farmers’ use of a shared field, placing livestock on this field in order to graze (Hardin, 1968). Since every individual seeks to maximize their own their own gain, each farmer will seek to increase their herd, which creates over usage (Hardin, 1968). People tend to focus on their own needs and wants in the short-term instead of the needs of others and thinking towards the long-term, and thus tend to destroy the very thing they were gaining utility from. This relates to the issue of global warming in that the world is slowly being degraded due to pollution, over usage for production, and other issues, all of which are factors of climate change. Hardin proposes a solution for this problem with the idea of “mutual coercion mutually agreed upon,” which requires people to work out a solution that may force them to give up privileges now in order to benefit in the long run (Hardin, 1968). However, due to the fact that the most optimal condition in this situation would be equilibrium, none of the actors are motivated to change their behavior (Ostrom, 2014). Even if a group of people decides to alter their choices, there may be “free-riders,” or people who do not follow the set guidelines and instead reap the …show more content…
The problem of climate change is extremely large-reaching and also causes multiple different problems to occur in many different area scales. No one country can combat this issue alone, as that would be extremely inadequate and would not last in the long term (Ostrom, 2014). Instead, a polycentric approach suggests many different governments around the world should play a part in enforcing policies regarding global warming. Since the problem is multi-leveled, our systems of coping with the issue should also be multi-leveled, existing in many different scales (Ostrom, 2014). An increase in cooperation with collective action can also be established by implementing variables such as increased education regarding the threat of climate change, the importance of our common resource of the Earth, an open communication between the participants, monitoring and sanctioning from the authority figures, and a strong leadership backbone (Ostrom, 2014). With these additions and the cooperation between the entire planet for this global issue, we can halt climate change and hopefully reverse

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