Collapse Of Soviet Union Essay

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There were several major causes for the collapse of the Soviet Union. After Soviet leaders extended their navy and support for rebel movements; the United States restated an anti-Soviet posture in 1981, when Ronald Regan threatened the Soviet regime with intensive military spending. After 1985 a new Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, tried to save communism by introducing reforms. Gorbachev’s attempts to salvage communism failed and in 1989 after communism was replaced with solidarity the Berlin Wall fell, and in 1991 the Soviet Union disbanded. During the 1980 campaign, Republican Ronald Regan promised to restore American power and confidence which landed him the majority vote. Regan became the fourteenth president of the United States and …show more content…
Knowing that Russia’s younger generation was impatient for reform, Gorbachev withdrew from Afghanistan, introducing policies of restricting and openness. Restructuring brought an end to massive economic centralization, while openness allowed formerly taboo subjects to be discussed. Gorbachev’s policy was first tested in 1986, when officials tried to cover up the Chernobyl disaster. The Chernobyl disaster was a nuclear accident that occurred on April 26, 1986 in the Ukraine. The Soviet people and European neighbors were compromised, and Gorbachev ensured that the old deceptions would be replaced by honesty and …show more content…
To complete the racial separation, the South African government developed the system of Bantustans. The Bantustans system was developed on the foundation of the foundation of the old native reserves, where inadequate land and overcrowding had forced blacks to seek work in white areas. In the 1970s a new generation of leaders emerged, the Black Consciousness Movement was led by Steve Biko, who argues that black South Africans faced not only the external challenges of apartheid but also an inner challenge to surmount the psychological damage t caused. The first step towards liberation was for blacks to eliminate their own sense of inferiority. Many black South African youths heeded Biko’s call, culminating the 1976 Soweto Uprising. The Soweto Uprising was a series of youth demonstrations in South Africa that brought a new generation of activists to forefront the resistance to

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