Cognitive Theories Of Abnormal Behavior Essay

1541 Words Oct 18th, 2016 7 Pages
Therapies are often developed to treat a specific disorder or specific populations. The needs of the client are taken into account when these treatments are developed. All treatments are based off of theories of pathology from various perspectives such as the behavioral or cognitive perspectives. Cognitive theories argue that it is not just the reward and punishment of conditioning, like in behavioral models, but our cognition shapes our behavior and emotions. In the cognitive model it is believed that causal attributions influence behavior. These attributions influence behavior because they impact the meaning given to events. In short, its not just what we experience but it is how we perceive our experiences. I watched two videos both using cognitive therapy to treat specific disorders. One patient was suffering from panic disorder and the other borderline personality disorder. Here I will state my perceived effectiveness of cognitive therapy on each disorder. Also, I will examine what ways these treatments follow particular theories of abnormal behavior. In addition, I will contemplate why certain therapies would be more appropriate for certain clientele. In “Cognitive Therapy for Panic Disorder” the actor-patient is suffering from a perceived notion that his heart is at extreme risk of failing despite no observable physiological abnormalities. This fear is extremely distressing to the patient and coincides with somatic symptoms which he feels is proof that something…

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