Cognitive Reappraisal Analysis

1370 Words 6 Pages
Cognitive reappraisal is a technique in which individuals reevaluate a situation to determine whether their psychological resources meet the demands of the situation. The idea of cognitive reappraisal comes from the biopsychosocial model of challenge and threat (Blascovich, 2008). With this model, Seery (2011) states that individuals who perceive a situation as challenging believe their psychological resources meet or exceed those required to complete the task. Conversely, threat is determined to be the state in which an individual does not believe they have the cognitive resources to meet the demands of a task. Other research has shown that cognitive reappraisal can also affect an individual’s emotional response (Gross, 1998). Previous …show more content…
To achieve this, researchers used a 6-point self-report measure to assess an individuals demand and resource skills. The researchers measured a participant’s ability, or inability, to cope with stressful situations. If an individual scored with a value greater than 1, they were evaluated to be in a threat state; a value less than 1 indicated challenge. Additionally, Moore et al. (2012) recorded heart rate and pupillary changes during task engagement to cross-reference a participant’s physiological reaction with their reported psychological state. To measure performance, the researchers used the mean radial error – the average distance between the ball and the hole – to measure task performance. A low mean radial error suggested that the participant executed better performance compared to a high mean radial …show more content…
However, cognitive reappraisal also benefits the psychological response to acute stress. Emotion regulation (ER) – an individual’s ability to adaptively change emotions and how they are experienced – is a key component to evaluating and experiencing stress (Gross, 1998). ER and cognitive reappraisal are closely related because cognitive reappraisal consists of reassessing a situation in order to reduce its emotional impact (Gross, 1998). Cognitive reappraisal has been found to be an effective coping strategy when faced with a stressful situation (Gross, 1998; Grisham, Flower, Williams, & Moulds, 2009). Mood can stimulate various emotional responses to different situations. Previous work has shown that reappraisal is effective in reducing sympathetic nervous system activation and mood responses (Ray, Wilhelm, & Gross, 2003). The current study focuses on cognitive reappraisal as a coping mechanism to reduce the onset of a negative emotional response. Thus, Keng et al. (2013) hypothesized that reappraisal will help down-regulate negative

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