Cognitive Psychology; Critical Report on Abducted by Ufo: Prevalence Information Affects Young Childrens False Memories for an Implausible Event

1442 Words Dec 28th, 2012 6 Pages
Assessment 1: Critical Review

1. Otgaar and colleagues looked at whether Prevalence information changes memory in any form when focusing on implausible events. The aim of the investigation was to see if children between the ages of 7-8 and 11-12 could create false memories when asked to recall an implausible or plausible event. The second aim also focused on whether the level of false memory recalled when levels of prevalence has been changed which was controlled by having a condition with no prevalence. Henry Otgaar himself says “Hence, my main research interest lies in the identification of mechanisms that contribute to the development of memory illusions” 1

2. The first stage involves making the individual believe that the
…show more content…
The valence for the true narrative wasn’t directly matched as this would be subjective to the individual however the first day of school is a stage of life and therefore is standardised for everyone to an extent. The false narrative used a pilot study where children rated valence and plausibility using a smiley face chart. Script knowledge was tested by the same children but only 19 of them had to demonstrate everything they knew about the event. Two events were finally picked from the list as both the events choking on candy and being abducted by a UFO were similar in terms of Valence and script knowledge. The only differing event was the higher plausibility for choking on candy.

4. In the experiment there were three categories which the experimenter manipulated. This was the age where the child was young (7-8) or old (11-12).Secondly prevalence was looked at along with the implausibility or plausibility of the event. The children were randomly associated each of the four conditions; No prevalence, prevalence, implausible or plausible event. The prevalence condition used a fake newspaper article (UFO abduction) and also helped the child by prompting and retrieval techniques. The experimenter interviewed each child participant twice throughout the study at the start and end and also audiotaped and transcribed each one. During the interview the participant was presented with one true narrative and one false narrative and it was clear

Related Documents