Cognitive Psychology Assignment

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Cognitive Psychology Assignment
The cold morning sleeps like a child as I sit to write a paper on cognition. So what is cognition, as the name indicates studies t cognition. But it’s not as simple as it seems, it like a river which looks as clear as a crystals but has life within. So it’s not wrong to say cognitive processes such as thinking, reasoning give us life every day.
Cognition as we know is not a unitary process and it’s not a linear progression. It’s multidirectional and multidimensional. It’s just like an electrical wire where we cannot see the interactions that take place within the wire but we can see the effect when the light is switched on hence we can understand cognition through our behaviour.
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Basically structuralism studies the structure of the mind. The proponents when coming up with structuralism had assimilated it to be like chemistry where complex chemical process could be broken down to fine molecules. Thus in structuralism which studied experience concluded that it could be broken into three components. They were sensation, feelings and images.
Wundt at this point in time had come up with a scientific method to understand the components of experience called introspection. In introspection the subject is asked to pay keen attention to the experience and analyse every element of it and report it in detail. It asks the subjects to look within and understand experience in a more objective manner. Structuralism was taken to the United States by Edward Titchener and he gave the name
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Thus his research made a phenomenal impact on psychology as it proved that experiments could be done with psychological processes thereby making psychology scientific and empirical. It also gave us an understanding of memory and gave way too many other experiments. However Frederick Barlett rejected following strict experimental methods to study mental processes as he believed that mental processes take place in a naturalistic environment hence it should be studied and understood in its natural environment in its entirety. Thus he refused to give a list of nonsense syllable for recall as this was irrelevant in natural setting hence gave stories or folk tales to recall. He found out that there was a better recall. Thus came to the conclusion that memory was not a reproductive process but a reconstructive one. Barlett introduced the concept of schemata which were information from the environment that were stored and accumulated and based on reconstructive processing of past experience. Thus Barlett study emphasized the importance of schemas on behaviourism deviating from the behaviourists. It showed that memory was not a simple association process between stimuli and response and it was reconstructive and social in nature hence he tiled his famous book as remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology. Thus Cognitive Psychology was enriched by Barlett

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