Cognitive Psychology And Cognitive Cognition Essay

1486 Words Oct 13th, 2015 6 Pages
Cognitive psychology is the study of human mental processes that occur within the mind. It looks at such internal processes such as, memory, perception and attention. It came about in the 1950’s as a result of the behaviourist approach being flawed; internal mental processes cannot be observed. Therefore, from this an alternative method of looking at the physiological side of the brain had to emerge. Cognitive neuroscience was then born to identify the neural mechanisms, which are responsible for underlying cognition. These neural mechanisms are also important when it comes to manifestations in behaviour. Cognitive neuroscience helps to combine the works of cognitive science and cognitive psychology. However, it is important to consider how internal physical processes can initiate mental processes.
Recently, cognitive neuroscience has introduced methodological advances that enable experiments to be taken place safely in a laboratory. Therefore, through the sudden advances of brain imaging technology such as, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) or positron emission tomography (PET), cognitive neuroscience has been able to demonstrate how cognitive processes may be derived from brain-based mechanisms.
The mind can be looked at as the processor that links the input (the sensory information), to the output (the response). So, therefore this essay plans to explain how the brain imaging techniques of cognitive neuroscience can help to understand internal processes of the…

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