Cognitive Processing Therapy For Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

1132 Words Nov 2nd, 2015 5 Pages
Cognitive Processing Therapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Homicide Survivors
Literature Review
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Homicide Survivors
Definitions. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder can occur when a traumatic event is experienced and with time, symptoms interfere with daily functioning. (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014) This occurs when the normal stress reaction after a traumatic incident does not go away over time and disrupt life. (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 2015) PTSD can be explained as when the reaction to fear is changed because of a traumatic ordeal, and fear is experienced regardless of a lack of danger. (National Institute of Mental Health, n.d.)
Attributes. Trauma is experienced if different ways and has several different criteria for diagnoses. One attribute of PTSD is that the traumatic event that it triggers must be experienced directly, as a witness, as the family or close friend of someone who experienced it directly, or first-hand repetitive exposure to details of traumatic events, not including media related exposure. (American Psychiatric Association, 2013) PTSD is also characterized by three main symptoms, re- experiencing the trauma, avoidance of the trauma, and hyperarousal. (American Psychiatric Association, 2013) Symptoms relating to re-experiencing the trauma can include having memories about the trauma that are intrusive, flashbacks that are very real and can sometimes feel as though the trauma is re-occurring,…

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