Cognitive Development Theories And Theories Essay
The purpose of this paper is to discuss cognitive development research and theories. The four theorists discussed in this work are Jean Piaget, Erik Erikson, B.F. Skinner, and Lev Vygotsky. Cognitive development is described as the way someone would construct thought processes and learn different skills such as remembering, problem solving, and making decisions from the time someone is a child until they are an adult.
Jean Piaget Jean Piaget was best known for his earlier work on cognitive development. Piaget was one of the very first psychologists to really take an in depth look at cognitive development and to complete studies on the subject. Piaget’s beliefs stem from the basic idea that a child’s cognitive development comes from their biology as humans combined with their environment. His theory boils down to a progression of constantly reorganizing mental processes. Basically children experience what they already know to be true and notice discrepancies between what they know and what they observe in their environment, so they put those two things together and develop a process to understand them. Piaget’s theory consists of 3 components: schemas, adaptation processes, and stages of development.
Schemas are basically building blocks of knowledge. Piaget defines a schema as 'a cohesive, repeatable action sequence possessing component actions that are tightly interconnected and governed by a core meaning ' (Piaget 1952). A Schema…