Essay on Cognitive Affective

1352 Words Nov 29th, 2012 6 Pages
The Study of Cognitive & Affective Bases of Psychology

Cognitive and affective psychology is the empirical branch of psychology, which aims to answer all questions regarding human activities, related to knowledge and emotions, such as, how we think, learn, and remember. It is grounded on the theory that thoughts and emotions affect our behavior; furthermore, behavior can be changed through a modification of our thoughts or emotions. Cognitive psychologists examine how our minds obtain, apply, organize, and retrieve information. In addition, the topics of attention, decision-making, critical thinking, reasoning, creativity, memory, perception, problem solving, thinking, and the use of language, all reside under the branch of
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In addition, the development of the computer in the 1950’s and 1960’s had a very important influence on psychology. The purpose of Cognitive Psychology is to understand how we acquire, process and store information. Throughout history, most experts within the branch of cognitive psychology have adopted the information-processing approach. This model assumes that information from the external environment undertakes transformations as it is sorted through by a variety of cognitive systems. Herein lies the metaphor of a computer, which many cognitive psychologists very as a similar entity to the human mind. Like a computer, cognition occurs through series of sequential stages. Each stage than performs the process by which incoming information received from the environment to create “internal representations.” According to the information-processing model, behavior is then assumed a result of such our internal representations. The analogy between the human brain and a computer has shaped cognitive psychology in a variety of ways. The study of cognitive psychology differs from most other areas of psychology in its interest of internal processes, rather than behavior. According to the American Psychological Association,, cognitive psychologists ask if our minds represent reality, how people make decisions, and how thoughts interact with language. Three very salient pieces in how humans

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