The Coercion Theory

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There are sizable amounts of proof that if a family is in conflict, it is more likely that their child will become engaged in delinquent activities. There is a theory called the coercion theory, which essentially states that a juvenile’s personality and self is molded by the environment they were raised in. Essentially, the healthier the upbringing of the juvenile is, the less likely they are to become a delinquent. Family conflict includes and is not limited to neglect, child abuse, and abandonment. Abuse can be sexual, mental, or physical in its nature. A juvenile who experiences abuse in any of these forms has a fragmented structure in their home life. Same goes with abandonment and neglect. Abandonment means that the parent and/or guardian
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The trait theory, as discussed by Siegel and Welsh, is in regards to a juveniles psychological well-being. If their brain or psychological traits are different from the societal norm, actions that would normally take rational thought to execute might just come naturally to them. These actions come on an impulse, rather than by choice. Anti-social tendencies and narcissistic characteristics are prevalent in male juvenile delinquents according to a study published in “Personality and Individual Differences” by Chabrol, Leeuwen, Rodgers, and Séjourné. While most people consider the consequences of their actions, people who have personality traits that are off often don’t take them into …show more content…
In the past 25 years there was both an increase and decrease in female juvenile delinquency according to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. In the late 90’s, the numbers reached a peak of 400 thousand arrests. Todays numbers are in the low 100 thousand range. Many people believe that the reason for the lack of female delinquents is linked to the male dominated police force. It is common belief that is a male police officer pulls over a young female, the female is more likely to get away with out repercussion.

According to 2009 crime statistics, female juvenile delinquents outnumber male delinquents in two crime categories; prostitution and running away. Larceny theft, more commonly known as shop lifting, is a prime category for female juvenile crimes. These are all crimes that have been common for females over the years. In the past 25 years, there was a drastic increase in the number of arrests for female juveniles for drug possession, disorderly conduct, and physical alterations. Female juvenile delinquents are engaging in more physical fights. Compared to the past, there are also more female members of gangs. While gang presence on a whole is declining due to gentrification, juveniles both male and female are still joining their

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