Cocaine: Causes And Effects Of Substance Abuse And Addiction

1045 Words 5 Pages
Cocaine is a highly addictive illegal stimulant. It has many effects such as, a high, change in attitude, mental impairment, and severe brain damage is abused. More than likely, when a highly addictive drug such as cocaine is abused, it will lead to addiction. The substance abuse and mental health services estimate that of the 1.1 million people that used cocaine in 2013, “850,000 of these people met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria for dependence or abuse of cocaine.” (Cummings 152). Not only isn 't a dangerous drug, but it is also costly when you include incarceration, treatment, and other things. Substance abuse can cost our nation up to 600 billion dollars a year. This has proven to be a huge problem in …show more content…
One of these things include genetics. If a member of a family has substance abuse and addiction problems, it puts other members of the family, such as the offspring at higher risk of abuse and addiction once exposed to the drug (“Cocaine Abuse”). Aside from genetics, there are also certain chemicals in the brain that trigger addiction. There has been evidence that “repeated exposure to cocaine causes changes in certain genes that lead to altered levels of a certain brain chemical called dopamine. Dopamine is associated with the rush that is experienced when an individual takes cocaine” (“Cocaine Abuse”). Though there isn’t a single one cause for cocaine abuse and addiction, there are countless proven effects of the drug and the problems it brings to …show more content…
There are many advantages to reducing and solving the amount of cocaine abuse and addiction in our nation. The biggest one being our children. If we don’t try our best to resolve this phenomenon our children may be next to get sucked into the awful world of an illegal drug such as cocaine. Aside from that, seeking help will improve the health of the abusers, relationships with family, and live the rest of their life happy, healthy and drug

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