Co-Sleeping Essay

1637 Words 7 Pages
Attitudes surrounding co-sleeping vary greatly throughout different cultures, as do the shaping factors for these outlooks. In general, those from individualistic cultures go to great lengths to discourage co-sleeping, citing, possible long-term behavioral and health effects, safety risks and out-of-home child rearing advice as key determining factors in their decision. In contrast, parents from collectivist societies encourage close parental and child sleeping arrangements, naming emotional attachment as a fundamental reason for doing so. This assignment will focus on the differences between cultures, namely those considered individualistic and collectivist, concerning co-sleeping and the factors, which shape each cultures attitude and actions …show more content…
Furthermore the knowledge of said safety issues among less developed countries might also be a shaping factor relative to co-sleeping. The major safety issue surrounding co-sleeping is Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Thoman (2006) states that SIDS is directly connected to the practice of co-sleeping. The International Society for the Study of Prevention of Perinatal and Infant Death (2015) reports that within 2008 the rate for SIDS in Australia was .32 per every 1000 babies born while the number in Argentina was .49. Not only is Argentina a collectivist society, but it is also considered a developing country (International Statistics Institute, 2015). Thus, it can be said that a lack of accessibility to information regarding SIDS and the dangers surrounding co-sleeping, may be a contributing factor to this statistical difference. This idea is substantiated by Tipene-Leach, Hutchison, Rea, White, Stewart and Mitchell (2010) whose study of Maori mothers, found that the group had significantly less knowledge about SIDS and its triggers, these causes included co-sleeping, which was shown to be highly prevalent in Maori society when compared to a European sample. The study also found that Maori mother’s engaged in other known SIDS related activities, including smoking, early cessation of breastfeeding and lack of …show more content…
Furthermore, it is predicted that those parents from individualistic cultures will cite possible long term behavioral or sleep orientated health issues as a reason for their sleeping arrangement decisions more often than collective parents. Behavioral issues will encompass issues with separation and independence, while sleep based health issues can be defined by problems surrounding concentration and mood. Parents who cite possible long-term issues, in questions relating to their reason for particular sleeping arrangements, will assist in answering this question. Within this hypothesis participants will simply be asked if long-term issues were a determining factor in their decisions surrounding co sleeping (yes/no). Issues surrounding access to professional information relative to knowledge of the long-term issues surrounding co-sleeping would be an interesting idea, however it is beyond the scope and interview restraints of this

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