Cloud Gate- an Analysis Essay

1859 Words May 14th, 2013 8 Pages
Department: Communication Design
Course: Contemporary Art in Context

Artist: Anish Kapoor
Title: Cloud Gate
Year: Built 2004-2006
Location: Millennium Park, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Dimensions: 10 m × 13 m × 20 m (33 ft × 42 ft × 66 ft)
Medium: Stainless steel
About the artist:

Anish Kapoor, one of the world’s most distinguished and significant contemporary artists, was born in Mumbai to a Punjabi-Hindu father and an Iraqi-Jewish mother. He has studied art at the Hornsey College of Art and Chelsea School of Art Design. In the 1980s he surfaced as one of the several British sculptors working in an innovative style and gaining global recognition for their work, like Tony Cragg, Richard Deacon, Anthony Gormley, and Bill
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The name came from the fact that three-quarters of the sculpture's external surface reflects the sky and that the sculpture is sort of a gate into the sky.

Design and construction:

The structure created several design dilemmas. It was feared that it might maintain and convey hot and cold temperatures in such a way that made it too hot to touch during the summer and so cold during the winter. It was also suggested that the extreme temperature variation might weaken the structure. Graffiti by the visitors, bird droppings and fingerprints were probable problems as well, as they would affect the aesthetics of the flawless sculpture and kill the idea of seamless reflection, since the most pressing issue was the desire to create a single seamless structure. Various experts that were consulted, including Norman Foster thought such a plan was probably impossible.

One other issue was that the sculpture was originally approximated to weigh 60 short tons, because it was impossible to estimate the thickness of the steel compatible with the desired aesthetics at that time. However, the completed piece weighs 110 short tons and thus additional care was required to support it. Luckily, all the problems were resolve in the end.

On the inside of its shell are several steel structures that keep the sculpture standing. At first two stainless steel rings, were put into place in February 2004. During the construction,

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