Clostridium Case Study Solution

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A 35-year-old Caucasian male came to the hospital by Life-Flight after sustaining a compound fracture to the left leg below the knee. Upon the paramedic’s arrival, the patient explained that he was hiking and fell down a hill, injuring his left leg in the process. The patient wrapped the leg with a shirt in an attempt to stop the bleeding, and also to stabilize the fracture. According to the patient, he began to have intense pain at the site of injury hours after the incident (Pietrangelo, 2012). Additionally, after the injury he suffered from a rapid heart rate, severe swelling and pale skin (Pietrangelo, 2012). The day after the injury, the patient explained that the wound developed small bubbles under the skin (Pietrangelo, 2012). According …show more content…
The physical examination of the injury positively matched various symptoms of gas gangrene. The blisters under the skin indicate the buildup of hydrogen and carbon dioxide gas from death of the tissue (Gas Gangrene, 2015). The high fever came from the bacterial infection caused by Clostridium, which killed the surrounding tissue and causing severe pain for patient and also blackening of the skin. The blood sample supported the diagnosis due to the blood containing the bacterium Clostridium. This indicates that the disease has spread to the blood and that Clostridium is bacteria causing the illness (Gas Gangrene, 2015). Clostridium is an anaerobic, and Gram-positive which is found in soil, water and gastrointestinal tract of humans and animals (Ho, 2015). As a result of the patient falling down the hill and in the process receiving a compound fracture and contaminating the laceration with soil, is how the patient presumably contracted the gas gangrene …show more content…
This disease occurs when blood supply to the tissue is delayed by the wound, so the tissue becomes anaerobic, and the tissue begins to die (Pietrangelo, 2012). If the wound is contaminated with endospores of Clostridium, the wound will be infected with the disease known as gas gangrene. Gas gangrene is typically caused by improper cleaning of the wound, crushed tissue and deep lacerations. Common symptoms are swelling, redness, pain, blisters with foul-smelling drainage, dark red or black skin around injury and yellowing of the skin or jaundice (Pietrangelo, 2012). The amount of incidences reported of gas gangrene is about 3000 cases occur annually (Ho,

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