Clinical Assessments

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Correspondingly, my Critical Annotation of the book entitled “Appraisal Procedures for Counselors and Helping Professionals” was focused on testing and assessments used in helping professions. The construct of intelligence is largely focused on “individual differences in mental ability” (Drummond, 2004, p. 124) and has over the years had several models postulated in an attempt to theorize its facets. Some of the more prominent models purported includes Thurstone’s Multifactor theory, Vernon’s Hierarchical theory, Guilford’s Model of intelligence, Cattell’s Fluid and Crystallized intelligence and Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence. Cattell referred to fluid intelligence as being general to a large number of fields and is primarily used …show more content…
263). Clinical assessments are used to: determine appropriateness of DSM-V criteria; to evaluate the presence of neurological impairments; to determine appropriateness of treatment, counseling or therapy; to prescribe proper teaching strategies; to identify the client’s assets, achievement and aptitude to guide rehabilitative, therapeutic or educational planning; to determine whether an inmate should be considered for a release program; and to evaluate effectiveness of treatment interventions. Models of clinical assessments include the psychodiagnostic and the psychometric models. Examples of commonly used tests in counseling are: occupational or work values; problem solving and coping skills; developmental needs; and relationships with …show more content…
Such assessments are utilized by counselors in “naturalistic and contrived settings, role playing, psychodrama, and interviews” (Drummond, 2004, p. 266). Behavioral observations are usually conducted on specific behaviors deemed observable. In conducting such observations, counselors need to be cognizant of the issue of reactivity which occurs when the client is aware of the fact that he/she is being observed. Another concern with behavioral observations is that of fatigue and boredom on the examiners part.
There are several inventories used in clinical assessments chief among them Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III), The Millon Behavioral Health Inventory, The Millon Adolescent Personality Inventory, The clinical Analysis Questionnaire and The Adolescent Multiphasic Personality Inventory. Neurological Assessment Batteries are used to conduct “testing for brain damage or for organicity” (Drummond, 2004, p. 271). The most widely used instruments for such assessments are the Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery and the Lauria Nebraska Neuropsychological

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