Climate Change And Global Warming Essay

1543 Words Mar 14th, 2015 7 Pages
Over the past decade there has been an increase in extreme weather events across the world including extreme; rainfall, flooding, storms, heatwaves, tornadoes, hurricanes, droughts and unusually hot and cold spells (Met Office, 2015). Some of these severe weather events have broken weather records i.e. in 2012, the UK underwent its wettest winter since records began (ibid). Many scientists are still debating whether the increase in extreme weather events are linked to climate change and global warming or due to natural climate variability, or in some cases, both.

‘There have always been extreme weather events as it is an integral part of the Earth’s climate system’ (Khandekar and Pratt 2013: 6). There have been extreme weather events throughout the world since records began. Historical extreme weather events however have been linked to natural causes i.e. solar variability, erupting volcanoes and ocean variability i.e. El Nino, the warming of the Pacific Ocean and La Nina, the cooling of the Pacific Ocean (NASA, 2008).

Solar variations are responsible for warming and cooling the atmosphere, for example from 1650 to 1715, the solar output was at a minimum and there was no sunspot activities recorded (NASA, 2008). This activity was likely to be responsible for the Little Ice Age in Europe (ibid). In addition, volcano eruptions can be responsible for cooling the Earth, i.e. the largest volcanic eruption that occurred in 1815; the Tambora in Indonesia was responsible…

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