Clavicep Synthesis

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After placing themselves on the desired rye or some other species of either grains or wild grasses, it uses the plant as a host in the process of replacing the host’s reproductive organs with a sclerotium, which is created differently for each Claviceps sp. Speaking of species, the genus Claviceps have been narrowed down to sixteen species through RNA-declassifying phylogenetic trees, which Sylvie Pažoutová kindly states in the following: C. paspali, C. zizaniae, C. grohii, C. sulcata, C. fusiformis, and C. purpurea, C. citrina, C. phalaridis, two unidentified Claviceps spp. (isolates PM and SG), C. sorghicola, C. gigantea, C. sorghi, C. africana, C. viridis, and C. pusilla (2001). Although listing all of these species does show how small the …show more content…
To begin with, psilocybin is found in all species belonging to the genus Psilocybe (117 species), primarily found in these plant organisms. The name Psilocybe is derived from the Greek roots psilos (bare) and kube (head), translating into a New Latin term “psilocybe” (bare head), which can be explained by its very common and distinctive appearance (Azarius n.d.). If not, it will belong in the genera Gymnopilus (13 species), Panaeolus (7 species), Copelandia (12 species), Hypholoma (6 species), Pluteus (6 species), Inocybe (6 species), Conocybe (4 species), and Agrocybe, Galerina and Mycena (one each) (Azarius n.d.). Since all of these genera are relatively close to being similar/identical, they all do have traces of the psilocybin drug or psilocin, an almost-identical particle to serotonin, structurally and effectiveness, that psilocybin converts to instantly when it finishes metabolizing, but not as much as Psilocybe sp. Looking more in depth of this genus, the most popular and commonly available natural psychedelic currently is the species Psilocybe cubensis (other names could be Stropharia cubensis, Stropharia cyanescens or Stropharia caerulescens) due to being relatively easy to grow; also given the street name “magic mushrooms” due to its known hallucinations it gives off onto its victim. Psilocybe cubensis are commonly found in the subtropical humid forests of New Guinea and mainly Mexico, having the highest number of neurotropic fungi at 76 species, of which 44 of them belonging to the genus Psilocybe (39% of the world), originating and growing there; the likelihood in confronting these fungi

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