Classifacations of Law Essay

779 Words Aug 27th, 2013 4 Pages
Classifications of Law The classification of law starts with the understanding of the two major legal systems, common law and civil law. Common Law is the legal system that emphasizes the role of judges in deciding the meaning of laws and how they apply as a whole. Civil law is relies more on legislation than judicial decisions to determine what the law is. Like common law nations decide the facts in a disputed case, but civil law courts are not obligated to follow recent judicial decisions or presidents. (O. Lee Reed, 2013) The famous trial of MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co. in 1916 in which Judge Benjamin Cardozo based his decision on a similar case that was tried about a year earlier against the makers of Cadillac. These cases …show more content…
Tort Law would be an example of private law because it establishes rules for compensation when an owner’ legal boundaries are wrongfully crossed by another individual or individuals. Criminal Law is another way you can divide the classification of law. Criminal law cases involve a representative of government attempting to prove the wrong committed against society and seeking to have the defendant punished by the courts (O. Lee Reed, 2013). An example of criminal law would be if someone was accused of robbing a bank and there was evidence against them that they were involved, it is the courts job to prove the evidence shows the defendant is guilty in the means of a jury trial. Substantive and Procedural Law are important classifications that are worth talking about also. Substantive law is the legal relationship of people with other people or between them and the state. Substantive law also defines the types of crimes and the severity depending upon factors such as whether the person is a repeat offender, whether it is a hate crime, whether it was self-defense etc. It also defines the responsibilities and rights of the accused. Procedural law deals with the method and means by which substantive law is made and administered. Procedural law comprises the rules by which a court hears and

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