Classical Theory Of Criminology

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Criminology is a study of crime, opportunity, prevention and control, which is influenced to determine motivation or an act criminal in nature. It takes in the essence of a variety of studies related to biology, psychology, psychiatry, statistics, and economics. The philosophy of criminology has been an influence since ancient times and has slowly developed into a professional and more advanced line of criminalistics studies. Which brings us to the philosophical approached of classical school of thought. The classical approach was introduced in the middle of the eighteenth century by Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham. The Classical school of thought revolves around the fact that people are rational and should be punished proportionately …show more content…
Research implies that the less powerful a race, gender, or class is, the more likely they will be subjected to the control of the law and treated as criminal (Katz, 2000). Nevertheless, research shows men commit twice as many offenses as women, but crimes committed by women is increasing in today‚Äôs society. While it researchers argue that the reason for the increase is due to equality and inequality disparities, one thing they do agree on is that the increase is most likely due to socioeconomically conditions (Alder, Laufer, & Mueller, 2013, p. 52 ). Also, 35 studies showed that social class and crimes rates had little relationship to support the claims that crime is related more so to lower-class individuals (Alder, Laufer, & Mueller, 2013, p. …show more content…
Racial profiling is defined as police using race as the factor to stop citizens for things such as traffic stops. African Americans were more likely to report being stopped than whites, and according to Weitzer and Tuch (2002), it is a common belief that racial profiling is a problem. However, a survey showed that 60% of the chiefs surveyed did not think racial profiling was a problem, and 29% said it is a minor problem. While the data collected on racial profiling may be conflicting, people still perceive racial profiling as a problem, and it has adverse effects on how people perceive and trust local law enforcement. The same can be said, after the terrorist attacks of 9/11. The terrorist attack of 911 was a tough day and a day which set the stage for a war against terrorism. Terrorist groups recruit all forms and cannot be determined strictly by ethnicity. Therefore, profiling someone based solely on their ethnicity is inconsistent and does not provide evidence that they participate in terrorist activity. For example, in the heightened stage of the war on terrorism, 700 Arab and Muslim people were detained as persons of interest based solely on their ethnicity and no other factors (Rudovsky & Banks,

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