Classical Realist Theory And Its Impact On International Relations

1846 Words Dec 8th, 2016 8 Pages
Many theorists, like Machiavelli, Bismarck, Hobbes, Sun Tzu, and Clausewitz, have contributed to the premise of realism. However, it was Hans Morgenthau’s writings of “Politics Among Nations” that can be credited with establishing the parameters of realism as an international theory. For several decades, classical realist approach dominated literature in international relations, stating that the balance of power creates peaceful structural situations. Years later, the empirical and logical grounds of this approach were challenged through the development of the power transition theory and the writings of A.F.K. Organski, in his textbook, “World Politics” . Related theories, such as international cycles and hegemonic decline, have been developed by theorists such as Gilpin, Kennedy, Modelski and Thompson; and attempt to touch on the basis of major power relations contrasting the classical realist model. Although thorough testing by means of formal models and systemic empirical analysis greater validity has been credited to the power shift argument; there are still numerous relevant attributes to the balance of power that have impacted international relations since Morgenthau’s classic publication, “Politics Among Nations”. Despite the historical significance of the balance-of-power notion and the massive influence it has on establishing modern studies of global relations, it is quite outdated and needs to be re-shaped to remain relevant in current systems. Per T. V. Paul,…

Related Documents