Classical Liberalism And Modern Liberalism Essay

1209 Words Mar 9th, 2016 null Page
Around the world, there are governments and having a government means there must be political parties. Political parties derive from political ideologies, which are, as defined by Michael Roskin in Political Science: An Introduction, “commitments to change political systems” (35). There are numerous ideologies, and each of try to find solution to different political problems. Some of these ideologies have influenced others. An example of this is modern liberalism and modern conservatism in the United States. Both modern liberalism and modern conservatism were influenced by classical liberalism and classic conservatism. Roskin describes classical liberalism as being deeply rooted in the philosophy of John Locke and Adam Smith. John Locke believed all people are born free and equal, and that people have rights that a government can’t take away. Smith believed in an unregulated form of trade, which he referred to as “laissez-faire”. Roskin explains that classical conservatism came from classical liberalism because liberalism placed too much faith in people being rational. Classical conservatism, created by Edmund Burke, tries to take away power from a central government and relying more on local governments to fix their problems. According to Roskin, modern liberalism was created by Thomas Green and descended from classical liberalism. The way it differed was that the government John Locke proposed did not take negative freedoms into account. In modern liberalism, negative…

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