1984 By George Orwell: A Dystopian Study

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In order to gain the complete control of a country, prices need to be paid. In George Orwell’s dystopian novel, 1984, the Party gains it’s power by controlling the lives of citizens. The Party immobilizes people by the actions through the phrase “Big Brother is Watching You” and “War is Peace, Freedom is Slavery, Ignorance is Strength”. The methods in which the Party immobilize people include the manipulation of relationships, the invasion of privacy, increased class disparity, freedom restrictions and various forms of propaganda.
In 1924-32, an experiment was conducted at the Hawthorne Works (an electric factory near Chicago). This study was used to observe how workers worked in various light intensities. During the study, workers’ behavior and performance generally improved with these changes (Levitt and List 225). However, when the study concluded, their work performance worsened. Later in 1958, researcher Henry A. Landsberger created the term The Hawthorne Effect.
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The Party does everything in its control to control the knowledge of the people. Some means of control include altering history, brainwashing people and making it difficult to communicate ideas. “Those who control the present, control the past and those who control the past control the future.” (Orwell 35). The Party holds all knowledge, whether it is true or false. Thus, the party becomes unbeatable. According to Laura Scandiffio novel Evil Masters, this strategy was implemented so that the party can do whatever it pleases without any opposition. “Propaganda was also used to make evil easier to accept” (Scandiffio 137). Since the party can rewrite history and facts according to their needs, people cannot use historic or any evidence to oppose the Party. People are forced to believe and follow the ways of the Party and will never know any truth. This keeps people from rebelling because they cannot win against an infallible

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