Civil War Essay

1644 Words Oct 9th, 2015 7 Pages
A Civil War

The Civil War was arguably the darkest moment in the history of America. For the first time brother fought brother and The Union had to fight to stay whole. Southern states believed in their right to own slaves and though Lincoln formally addressed that he would not interfere with that right, the southern population believed that Lincoln’s election would be, “the greatest evil that has ever befallen this country.” This wedge driven squarely at the Mason-Dixon line tore the United States in two, one half believing in slavery while the other half strongly opposing it. The social tensions between the north and the south began with the election of 1860. The south favored J. C. Breckenridge, while the north favored Abraham
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Grant surrendered to the Union. After four years and countless deaths, the seemingly perpetual blood-bath was over. Also marking the end of the war was the Thirteenth Amendment, which abolished slavery. More people died in the Civil War (almost 625 thousand) than in any other US War in history. Though the south had been defeated, there was no real winner. The United States had been dealt a blow that would take years to undo. A reconstruction of the union was greatly needed. Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson, and the rest of congress all had different ideas of how the Union should be reconstructed. Where Lincoln and Johnson favored a less strict approach to the re-unionization, congress believed that the punishments to the south should be just that, punishments. Obviously, the south favored Lincoln and Johnson’s ideas more so than that of congress. Unfortunately, Lincoln was assassinated before he could implement his plan. His death was mourned by northerners and southerners alike. He was killed by a man named John Wilkes Booth, who felt that the South had

been unfairly treated under his presidency. In the end, Johnson’s plan of reconstruction was used, which infuriated congress. To counteract Johnson’s leniency, congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866. It eventually was vetoed, but was overridden, thus making it a law. That same year, Congress drafted the Fourteenth Amendment, which prevented any state from denying human rights to any US citizen. This

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