Civil Rights Essay

1060 Words Feb 24th, 2014 5 Pages
The legislature of the fictitious state of Xanadu passes a law that states "All people are welcome at all state-run swimming, beach and golf facilities, as long as they are white. Non-whites may not use any of those facilities."

Within 24 hours after passage, Brenda, a civil rights attorney, brings a cause of action in federal court to have the new regulation ruled unconstitutional. The federal court immediately rules that the state law violates the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment and issues an injunction against its enforcement.

A week later, the state passes a new law that reads "Because we don't believe that we are capable of managing integrated swimming, beach and golf facilities, we are hereby closing all such
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Four of the pools were used by whites and one by Blacks. The plaintiffs brought an action in the U.S. District Court seeking a judgment that the state enforced segregation of the races was a violation of the 13th and 14th amendments, and asked for an injunction to forbid such practices. The District Court entered a judgment stating that enforced segregation denied equal protection of the laws but it declined to issue an injunction. After wards the city proceeded to desegregate the public parks, golf courses, and city zoo. But, the city council decided not to try to operate the public swimming pools on a desegregated basis. They surrendered the lease on one pool and closed the other four. Afterwards several Black citizens of Jackson then filed this suit, Palmer v. Thompson, 403 US 217, to force the city to reopen the pools and operate them on a desegregated basis. This case was argued December 14, 1970 and a decision on this case was not made until June 14, 1971. After hearing the case, the courts finding was, the closing was justified to preserve peace and order and because the pools could not be operated economically on an integrated basis. It stated that the city’s action did not deny Blacks equal protection under the law because all swimming facilities where closed. The court rejected that the pools had been closed to avoid desegregation. Also it held the city’s action didn’t deny black citizens equal protection of the

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