Civil Resistance And The Middle East Essay

892 Words Nov 24th, 2016 4 Pages
Introduction:
It has become a theme within scholarly works and implicit in recent history, that the most effective means of waging political struggle involves the use of violence. Conflict research has been dominated by concerns over the use, management, and control of violent force within conflict. This focus on violence is neither the only, nor necessarily the most potent form of conflict. The advent of nonviolent civil resistance within the Middle East context has gone grossly unappreciated in relation to the so called “successes” of violent insurgencies. The Middle East has endured a host of wars, terrorism, monarchies, foreign occupation, and dictatorship throughout its history. But what is less acknowledged is the power that nonviolent resistance has yielded: it has successfully led to political reforms, ousted authoritarian leaders, and reduced the influence of foreign occupiers, without cultural, religious, or tribal barriers to its success. With this in mind, there still remains opposition to nonviolent tactics that are taken advantage of in order to remain resilient in the face of oppression. This essay seeks to challenge the conventional wisdom of violent resistance as the most effective way to wage political struggle by comparing and contrasting the nonviolent movement in Tunisia versus the violent insurgency in Syria concluding that nonviolent resistance is a forceful alternative to political violence and can pose effective challenges to opponents. Civil…

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